The winter resort of Arachova, at an altitude of 968 meters, was founded during the heyday of Frankish rule by the then feudal lord de Nesle, who united many settlements in order to better exploit and control the area. Another element that encouraged the creation of a wider settlement at this point, were the mild winds and natural protection from snow and frost. The history of the area begins around 1200 BC when, on the west side of today’s Arachova, in the area Anemoreia (of Homeric reports) the first settlements are presented. On the west side there was the settlement of Kyparissos, which is disputed by historians, who claim that the city of Yampolis existed there. Anemoreia and Kyparissos participated in the Trojan War with Epistrofos and Schedias as leaders.
Another legend states that, above today’s Arachova, in Liakoura, the highest peak of Parnassos (2457m), stood the ark of Deucalion and Pyrra who gave birth to the Greek, the ancestor of the Greeks. Historians and travelers report that Arachova in the 16th and 17th centuries, during Turkish rule, had 250-300 Greek families and only one Turk, the Kotzabas of the region. It was set on fire by the Turks in 1803-1804 during the eleven disputes between thieves and boatmen. The Battle of Arachova is also famous, where Georgios Karaiskakis stripped the Turkalvans’ army naked. A point that also shows the active participation of the Arachovites in the Greek Revolution. Arachova was liberated in 1828 by Dimitrios Ypsilantis, whose first concern was the establishment of a school.